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Stain Removal 
Accidents and spillages don't have to become stains. The sooner you treat a spill, the more easily the dirt will come out. However, there are a number of tips and tricks that could help you finally remove that stubborn stain and stop you discarding or replacing a cushion or carpet that you thought was ruined, but can be rescued!
Adhesive tape -This can be removed by sponging or soaking the dry upholstery or fabric with a laundry pre-soak or spot stain remover. Even soaking it in kerosene or a grease solvent will work, however it will require a second clean with soapy warm water following this.
Alcohol -Alcohol stains must be cleaned as soon as possible, as they are often colourless initially, but will brown if left to stand or following a later wash.As soon as it has been spilt, sponge it clean with warm water. To remove any remaining marks, pour some glycerine on the stain and rub gently, and then rinse with warm water using a spray bottle if it is a carpet stain.For stubborn and dried stains, use a solution with equal measures of methylated spirits and ammonia. First test the solution on an unseen patch, and if successful, sponge it on the dry fabric and then clean again with warm water. If the material is white, laundry bleach can also be used.
Baby oil -Use dishwashing liquid and rub it into the stain. Leave it for 10-15 minutes and then wash with hot water and laundry detergent or a similar solution if it is a carpet stain. Repeat the process if necessary.
Ball point pen -To remove ball point pen marks from leather sofas, use hairspray on the mark and then wipe off.
Candle wax and Chewing gum -If you find these on a moveable fabric, put the stained article into a freezer until the wax or gum hardens. Once it has become brittle, you should be able to scrape and chop at it until it comes off.To remove the wax or gum residue, place a clean white blotter over the stain and press with a warm iron. You can then sponge it with a stain remover. If there is still stain from coloured candle wax, this can be removed with an equal solution of methylated spirits to water.
Crayons -First, scrape off any excess with a butter knife. Wash the stain with hot water and cup of baking soda for about 10 minutes, perhaps longer if it is a carpet stain. If it is still being stubborn, rub soap paste into the stain and rinse off after 5 minutes. To remove any remaining colour, use a beach or colour remover that is safe for the fabric.
Hair dye -Dabbing the stain with a cotton wool ball doused in hydrogen peroxide can remove these dye stains.
Egg -Scrape off as much as you can straight away and sponge with slightly warm water. Hot water will only set the albumin in the egg. If you need something more, cover the stain with a paste consisting of water, cream of tartar, and a crushed aspirin and leave for about half an hour before rinsing.
Faeces -
  • 1. Mix a teaspoon of pH balanced, non alkaline and non bleaching detergent with a cup of lukewarm water and blot the stain.
  • 2. Mix a teaspoon of ammonia with cup of water and blot.
  • 3. Repeat step 1
  • 4. Mix 1/3 cup of white vinegar with 2/3 cup of water and blot.
  • 5. Sponge clean with plain water.
Glue -
  • 1. Mix a teaspoon of a pH balanced detergent that is non alkaline and non bleaching with one cup of lukewarm water and blot.
  • 2. Mix a tablespoon of ammonia with 1/2 cup of water and blot.
  • 3. Repeat step 1
  • 4. Sponge clean with plain water.
Make up -To begin, blot or scrape off as much of the make up stain as possible. Then, using a white cloth, paper towel or cotton ball, blot a deep stain with isopropyl rubbing alcohol. If the stain is only on the surface, rub it in one direction. Using a circular motion can destroy the texture of carpeting.If that does not work, apply a solution of:
  • 1/4 teaspoon of dish wash detergent
  • 1/4 cup of water
Blot the stain until it is removed, and rinse with a spray bottle, dabbing up any excess moisture.
Motor grease and oil -Scrape off any excess to start.Washable materials: Use a spot stain remover, or rub lard or Vaseline onto the dry stain. Wash it in a quality washing detergent.Unwashable materials: This may prove difficult. Repeatedly blot the area with dry cleaning fluid (you will need to change your pad or cloth frequently). Sponge off with lukewarm water and detergent, and then finally clean warm water alone.
Nicotine and tobacco -First pour some glycerine over the stain and rub gently between the fingers or with a cloth. A spot stain remover can also be used. Leave this for half an hour and then wash or rinse off. If this is unsuccessful, try thiosulphate or trisodium phosphate to wash and rinse.
Rust -There are 3 combinations that can be tried. All are safe for white materials, but for coloured fabrics you should test on an unseen area first.
  • 1. Lemon juice - This works on slight stains on delicate materials. Spread the fabric over a bowl of boiling water and sprinkle lemon juice over it. For carpets and other non-moveable items, hover a hot iron above the sprinkled stain. Rinse well in each case.
  • 2. Lemon juice and salt - Sprinkle the salt over the stain and rub it with the lemon. Position it in the sunlight and keep it wet with juice until the stain is gone. Rinse.
  • 3. Cream of tartar - For slight stains, dampen the area and cover with the cream of tartar. Either hold it in the steam of a boiling kettle or hover a hot iron above it. As soon as the stain disappears, rinse it. For more extensive staining, boil in a liquid made from the tartar and 600 ml of water, or apply the solution to the stain. Do not use fabrics that should not be washed in hot water.
Shoe polish -Sponge and blot the stain with a little bit of dry cleaning solvent, then mix a teaspoon of mild pH balanced detergent with a cup of lukewarm water. Blot and sponge the stain with clean water.
Unknown -If you encounter a stain of unknown origin, first try to clean it with cool water and sponge it with a liquid detergent.If this has no effect, try a solution with equal measures of methylated spirits and ammonia. Always test it first, and if the colour is affected leave out the ammonia. As a last resort, try a mild bleach.
Urine -As urine differs in composition, so do the stains and the solutions to clear them. Normally urine is acidic, and so the fabric should be soaked or sponged with a sanitizer containing sodium percarbonate, or with a solution of ammonia and cup of warm water.If this is unsuccessful, try a solution containing equal measures of vinegar and warm water to see if the stain is alkaline. Stubborn stains may require sponging with diluted hydrogen peroxide.
Vomit -Once you have scraped off as much as possible, sponge the stains with warm water and some ammonia. If the vomiting is extensive, dampen the area and sprinkle on pepsin powder, leaving it for 30 minutes.
Wine -The key to removing wine stains is to clean them as soon as possible starting with the mildest solutions. Combat red wine stains by pouring white wine over the top and soaking it up. Wash with cold water and ammonia and then rinse thoroughly. For white wine, use cold water and ammonia, or go onto other treatments seen under Alcohol.
This information is to help you to do stain removal (and treat spots) yourself. If you are not comfortable with any of the stain removal procedures listed below,contact us and we will happily come out and carry out the stain removal for you.To avoid damaging your carpet, follow the instructions exactly. Do not use these procedures on upholstered furniture as spot cleaning can easily damage certain fabrics.Need help with stain removal?
If you have any questions about stain removal or need help, please fill our free contact form now or get in touch with us on 079 8444 1898
Your basic spot and stain removal kit
 Keep the following items on hand so you will be prepared to handle fresh spills on your carpet:   
  • neutral dish detergent (dilute 20:1)
  • clear household ammonia
  • white vinegar (dilute 1:1)
  • wet spotter such as Master Stain Remover®
  • dry spotter such as Dissolve®
  • paint thinner
  • hydrogen peroxide (3% solution) for bleaching
  • denatured or isopropyl alcohol
  • a good supply of white terry cloths
  • a spotting brush
  • if you have pets, stock a bacteria/enzyme digester such as Liquid Alive®
  • a wet/dry vac is great to have as well.
The eight steps to spot and stain removal
Catch it while it’s fresh, when chances of spot and stain removal are 75% better. Don’t iron or hot-air dry until the stain is gone. Heat will settle most stains.
  1. Use a spoon or dull knife to remove solid materials.
  2. Blot up liquids with a clean, white, dry towel. Never rub, scrub or brush the carpet as this can cause excessive wear and permanently damage carpet fibres.
  3. Work from the outside to the centre with large spills.
  4. Apply all cleaning agents to a white towel, never directly to the carpet, as this can damage the backing.
  5. Use the steps and solutions in the cleaning code in the order given until you no longer see improvement, then proceed to the next step if the spot remains.
  6. Always use white distilled vinegar as the last step before rinsing if you have used ammonia during the process, even if the spot is already gone. Vinegar (low pH) neutralizes ammonia (high pH) and is a safe product to leave behind. It is not necessary to neutralise vinegar.
  7. Rinse the last cleaning solution you’ve used by spraying with clear water and blotting the area with a clean, dry, white towel. You may use a wet/dry vacuum to extract excess moisture, prior to using a towel, if you have one but this is not necessary.
  8. Once you have removed all of the visible stain, place a clean, white, dry towel over the area and then place a heavy, colourfast object such as a plastic waste basket with a weight inside on the towel. Leave overnight. Continue this procedure by replacing the wet towels with dry ones until the area is nearly dry. Remove the weight and towel, then gently brush the carpet fibres with your hand to lift the tufts.  Allow the area to dry completely before walking on it.